Many contemporary feminist projects attempt to subvert the male gaze by “bearing witness” to female trauma through visual representation. Yet these projects have tended to be under-theorized. Since visual images invoke the spectator’s experience of unmediated access to the inner world of the subject, the evocative power of photographic images may readily reproduce forms of voyeurism. This under-theorization becomes particularly problematic in projects that document the lives of migratory and marginalized women. Informed by psychoanalytic-feminist film theory, critical psychology, and social action research methods, Janice Haaken, professor emerita of psychology at Portland State University, discusses her recent projects based on visual methods, including a study carried out with women asylum-seekers in the UK.